Texas Medical Center - Houston, Texas (USA)
History of the Texas Medical Centre
The Texas Medical Center (TMC) is the most expansive medical complex in the world. Encompassing over 1,300 acres, 280 buildings house over 50 health care-related facilities, including medical clinics, scientific research centers, and educational institutions. Primarily situated in the Greater Houston area, a few of the private non-profit organizations and government agencies extend outside the city limits.
On October 20, 1945, the M. D. Anderson Hospital of Cancer Research of the University of Texas became the first member of the newly-chartered TMC. Monroe Dunaway Anderson established the M.D. Anderson Foundation in 1939 with an endowment of $300,000. After his death in 1941, his $19 million estate was directed toward creation of the TMC. The foundation is Texas' largest charitable fund.
Since 1909, many of the Gulf Coast's most prestigious medical and educational institutions have become part of the TMC family. The TMC dates back to 1905 when Texas Dental College (TDC), founded in Houston, became Texas' first dental school. When TDC merged with The University of Texas, the joint venture became a member institution of TMC.
In 1940, a hospital district was formed by the City of Houston and Harris County, eventually evolving into the TMC. Over the years, many other esteemed members have come to include the Baylor University College of Medicine, the Houston Academy of Medicine-Texas Medical Center Library Rice University, St. Luke's Episcopal Hospital, The Methodist Hospital, Texas Heart Institute, Texas Southern University College of Pharmacy & Health Sciences and the Tuberculosis Hospital.
A history of groundbreaking medical breakthroughs has repeatedly brought attention to TMC. One of the most innovative occurred in 1952, when Dr. Michael E. DeBakey, of The Methodist Hospital, performed the first successful coronary bypass. DeBakey was also responsible for inventing the artificial heart.
The health and well-being of the globe's youngest patients are attended to as well with the Texas Children's Hospital at TMC ranking among the largest pediatric hospitals in the U.S. Roughly 28,000 babies are delivered each year in maternity wards across the system. The Shriners Hospitals for Children opened a burn trauma center in nearby Galveston, and became TMC's 50th member in 2012.
The health care sector is a major factor in the economy of the greater Houston area. TMC has the single, largest, aggregate fiscal impact on the region at an estimated $15 billion annually.
Of all major metro areas in Texas, Houston ranks number one in terms of health care employment with a growth rate close to 35 percent. All facilities combined, TMC is Houston's top employer.
Over 92,500 workers care for patients, perform research, educate, and administer health care at TMC. Almost half of TMC's employees commute from Texas' Brazoria, Fort Bend, and Harris counties.
A not-for-profit organization, TMC operates on a budget of $14 million per year. There are close to seven thousand beds within TMC's hospitals. Each year, approximately 350,000 surgeries are performed.
Besides practical medicine, TMC contributes in several other ways to the fiscal health of Houston. Supported research and development funding is estimated at $1 billion annually. Seven billion dollars in construction spending is forecast through 2014. Infrastructure expansion, such as a $370 million energy project designed to double the power generation capacity supplied to TMC, has commenced.
Texas Medical Center is comprised of 26 miles of public and private streets, with an area of 45 million square feet, greater than that of downtown Los Angeles. Health care clinics, colleges, research facilities, stores, libraries, and a newspaper contribute to positioning TMC as one of the largest cities in the U.S.
TMC provides a free shuttle service to patients, visitors and employees circulating throughout the campus. Several transportation options are available through the Metropolitan Transit Authority of Harris County, Houston, Texas (METRO). METRO offers bus, rail, and motorist assistance programs.
METROLift is available to accommodate persons with disabilities. This is a door to door, complementary program that allows eligible individuals, who cannot otherwise facilitate the accessibility of general METRO services, access to public transportation around the TMC campus and throughout Harris County.
In partnership with the Hotel and Lodging Association of Greater Houston, over 30 hotels and motels located around TMC offer discounts to patients and visitors. Special amenities including shuttle services and special accommodations for persons with disabilities are available at many of these properties.
Several corporate housing options are available in the area for TMC employees. Medical professionals, campus staff, students, and their families may reside at the TMC-operated Laurence H. Favrot Tower Apartments.
Two airports serve the TMC community. Both the George Bush Intercontinental Airport (IAH) and Houston Hobby Airport (HOU) provide free arrival assistance to out-of-town patients. Each airport offers services such as translation, transportation, and lodging assistance to international patients navigating their way to TMC.